Under the Hasmonean dynasty, which lasted about 80 years, the kingdom regained boundaries not far short of Solomon’s realm, political consolidation under. What was the Hasmonean dynasty? Answer: Hasmonean was the family name of the rebel leader and priest, Mattathias, who began to throw off Seleucid rule. The early Hasmonean rulers were righteous people who were careful not to assume the title of monarch. However, it is an old adage that power corrupts, and .

Author: Kagasho Dolkree
Country: Ecuador
Language: English (Spanish)
Genre: Literature
Published (Last): 25 September 2004
Pages: 222
PDF File Size: 20.5 Mb
ePub File Size: 2.89 Mb
ISBN: 154-1-54194-603-5
Downloads: 38072
Price: Free* [*Free Regsitration Required]
Uploader: Tygogore

Jannaeus returned to fierce Jewish opposition hasmoneann Jerusalem after his defeat, and had to cede the acquired territories to the Nabataeans so that he could dissuade them from supporting his opponents in Judea. The Tobiadsa philo-Hellenistic party, succeeded in placing Jason into the powerful position of High Priest.

The Birth and Evolution of Judaism. Hasmonean Kingdom under Aristobulus. Sibyl and Sibylline Oracles. Aristobulus’ brothers were freed from prison by his widow; Alexander reigned from —76 BCE, and died during the siege of the fortress Ragaba.

Eynasty note that our editors may make some formatting changes or correct dyjasty or grammatical errors, and may also contact you if any clarifications are needed. When the Jews were prohibited from practicing Judaism and their Temple was desecrated as part of an effort to impose Greek-oriented culture and customs on the entire population, the Jews rose in revolt BCE. It is significant that this time the Syrian troops, under the leadership of the governor-general Lysias, took the southerly route, by way of Idumea.


The Parthians split their army, and under Pacorus conquered the Levant from the Phoenician coast through the Land of Israel:. Jewish tradition holds that the claiming of kingship by the later Hasmoneans led to their eventual downfall, since that title was only to be held by descendants of the line dynssty King David.

He appears to have controlled the road from Jaffa to Jerusalem, and thus to have cut off the royal party in Acra dynxsty direct communication with the sea and thus with the government. The Hellenistic party could no longer attack him without severe consequences.

Soon, Demetrius lost both his throne and his life, in BCE. According to Josephus, the besiegers kept the enormous price of one thousand drachmas they had asked for the lamb.

The Hasmonean Dynasty

Hyrcanus’ incapacity and weakness were so manifest that, when he defended Herod against the Sanhedrin and before Mark Antonythe latter stripped Hyrcanus of his nominal political authority and his title, bestowing them both upon the accused. Coming under the administration of a governor, Judaea was allowed a king; the governor’s business was to regulate trade and maximize tax revenue.

Internet URLs are the best. Keep Exploring Britannica Vladimir Putin.

Hasmonean dynasty – Wikipedia

The conflict between Hyrcanus and Aristobulus culminated in a civil war that ended when the Roman general Pompey captured Jerusalem in 63 BCE and inaugurated the Roman period of Jewish history. Library resources about Hasmonean dynasty.

Eerdmans Dictionary of the Bible. One suspects that [Bickermann] may have been influenced in his view by an antipathy to Reform Judaism in 19th- and 20th-century Germany. The family name of the Hasmonean dynasty originates with the ancestor of the house, called by the Hellenized form Asmoneus or Asamoneus Greek: During the siege, which lasted several months, the adherents of Hyrcanus were guilty of two acts that greatly incensed the majority of the Jews: The name “Judaea” has also been used to describe the Hasmonean Kingdom although this name reflects the later designation of the region under the Romans at the time of Josephus’ writings in the late 1st century.


Ancient Jewish History: The Hasmonean Dynasty

Weights, Measures, and Coins. A period of political intrigue followed, with both Jason and Menelaus bribing the king to win the High Priesthood, and accusations of murder of competing dynasfy for the title.

Antigonus was hasmknean to Antony and executed shortly thereafter. As Demetrius II did not keep his promise, Jonathan thought it better to support the new king when Diodotus Tryphon and Antiochus VI seized the capital, especially as the latter confirmed all his rights and appointed his brother Simon Simeon strategos of the Paralia the seacoastfrom the “Ladder of Tyre ” to the frontier of Egypt.

Judges of the Bet Din. John Hyrcanus II, a…. The Twelve Tribes of Israel.

The struggle thereafter lasted for some years, as the main Roman forces were occupied with defeating the Parthians and had few additional resources to use to support Herod. Part of a series on the.