Syzygium polyanthum, with common names Indian bay leaf and Indonesian bay leaf, is a Eugenia polyantha Wight; Eugenia resinosa Gagnep. Myrtus cymosa . Eugenia polyantha, Indonesian Bay-Leaf, Myrtaceae, Daun salam. Eugenia polyantha, recalcitrant seeds, 1 packet (4 seeds), US$ Eugenia polyantha, leaves, 1 lb, US$ Eugenia polyantha, leaves, lb, US$ .

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For examples of cooking in other regions of Indonesia, see lemon grass generalgreater galangale Sumatratamarind Jawa and coconut Sulawesi. Control samples contained 0.


The flowers are pink and eugeniia fragrant while the fruits are round; red at first, later brown. Pictures of the plants selected are shown in Fig. Bioassay-guided separation of the active fraction indicated phenolic acid with a benzoic acid moiety; 3, 4, 5-trihydroxy benzoic acid, 4-hydroxy 3-methoxy benzoic acid and 4-hydroxy 3,5-dimethoxy benzoic acid to polyanhta the most antidiabetic active compounds.

The results are shown in Fig. The test animals were obtained from Veterinary Research Center, Bogor. By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. From eleven plants selected, E.

To evaluate the structure-activity relationship of the compounds, similar compounds were tested for antioxidative properties using DPPH free radical scavenging and beta carotene bleaching protection BC and antidiabetic activity using inhibition of alpha glucosidase activity AGthe results are presented in Table 1.


Indonesia is a tropical country with a huge biodiversity of eugenis resources that have been used traditionally eugeniw medicines. According to Duncan test, the body weight of normal control has no significance difference to the the control treated with mg kg -1 BW of E. TLC Thin layer chromatography aluminum sheet 0.

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Eleven plants, Hypericum chinenseThujaorientalis L. The high phenolic content in the E.

These finding of alpha glucosidase inhibition activity is a correlation of the lowering effect of the glucose blood level are in accordance of findings by Heinz et al. The free radical -scavenging activity of each extract was determined.

wugenia The bark and stem are known to have anti diarrheal activity. People with a history of diabetes are more likely to have offspring who are also affected. The number and the position of the hydroxyl groups affect the antioxidative and antidiabetic activity.

In vitro antioxidative activities and polyphenol content of Eugenia polyantha wight grown in indonesia. Propagation Seeds and cuttings. Abstract Eugenia polyantha leaves are widely used in traditional diabetic treatment and as food additives in Indonesia. For another typical Balinese recipe, see lesser galanga. Extracts of the leaves showed polynatha inhibitory effect on alpha glucosidase activity in vitro.


Eugenia polyantha – Wikidata

The activity of alpha glucosidase was determined by measuring the release of p-nitrophenol at UV max nm. Syzygium micranthum Blume ex Miq.

The diabetes prevalence in the world is also alarming. This Myrtaceae article is a stub. According to Indonesian cookbooks, the leaves should develop more flavour after short frying; however, I cannot confirm the procedure to increase the flavour significantly. Hypericum chinensis and Mallotus japonicus were also have high anti alpha glucosidase inhibition assay.

The hyperglycemia effect of the group was obtained by interperitonial injection of mg kg -1 BW of alloxan. Among therapeutic drugs to prevent a high blood glucose level are the alpha glucosidase EC 3. Fractions showing potential activity were further purified by column chromatography. A norsesquiterpene lactone and a benzoic acid derivative from the leaves of Cyclocarya paliurus and their glucosidase and glycogen phosphorylase inhibiting activities.

Mallotus japonicaf Mallotusj aponicus M.