Echis ocellatus is a venomous viper species endemic to West Africa. No subspecies are currently recognized. (Source: Wikipedia. Photo: (c) Toby Hibbitts , all. Continent: Africa Distribution: Burkina Faso, Mali, Mauritania, Ghana, Ivory Coast, Togo, Benin, Nigeria, Cameroon, Senegal, Central African Republic, Guinea. Echis ocellatus ENGLISH African Saw Scaled Viper, Ocellated Carpet Viper, West African Carpet Viper, West African Saw Scaled Viper, GERMAN Augenfleck .

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A Taxonomic and Geographic Reference, Volume 1.

American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 53 3: Hospital records are misleading and the true incidence of snakebite is unknown, but it may play a significant role in maternal morbidity, mortality and foetal loss in those societies.

The effect of maternal envenomation by Naja haje Egyptian cobra snake on the developing central nervous system. Indeed, in advanced pregnancy victims should not be managed supine, as supine hypotensive syndrome might exacerbate hypotensive shock from envenoming or blood loss and contribute to mortality Sutherland et al. Copyright ToxinologyWCH. Theakston5 L. The Book of Snakes. Nil at KGH [1 day; received antivenom in another town]. The importance of bites by the saw-scaled or carpet viper Echis carinatus.

The snakebite victim should be transported as quickly and as passively as possible to the nearest place where they can be seen by a medically-trained person health station, dispensary, clinic or hospital.

The snakes of Mali.

The Dangerous Snakes of Africa. Snake species of the world. If there is any impairment of vital functions, such as problems with respiration, airway, circulation, heart function, these must be supported as a priority.


National Center for Ocellatuz InformationU. Venom Procoagulants Mixture of procoagulants. Head is broad, flat, short snouted, pear shaped when viewed from above and distinct from neck. Envenoming due to snake bite during pregnancy.

It is also found in northern Cameroon and southwestern Chad. Open in a separate window. Tetanus toxoid Paracetamol vitamin C.

Echis ocellatus – Wikipedia

Reptarium The Reptile Database. The saw-scaled or carpet viper Echis ocellatus has proved to be the most important cause of snakebite mortality and morbidity in the region.

Revue Suisse de Zoologie 77 2: The geographic range of E. In a large series of hospital admissions due to snakebite ocellxtus from South Africa, pregnant women accounted for 0. Tweet Please submit feedback about this entry to the curator.

Phylogeny, historical biogeography and systematics of the medically important viper genus Echis Squamata: It is responsible for more human fatalities due to snakebite than all other African species combined. Multiple doses may be required. She was bitten on the left foot by a carpet viper 6 days prior to hospitalization while walking to the toilet. We make a reasonable attempt to verify accuracy of information listed on this site.

Early thimerosal exposure and neuropsychological outcomes at 7 to 10 years. If there will be considerable delay before reaching medical aid, measured in several hours to days, then give clear fluids by mouth to prevent dehydration.

Durfa4 A. A centralized hub-and-spoke strategy is suggested for broadening antivenom access to endemic rural areas together with instituting quality assurance, standardization and manpower training. The publisher’s final edited version of this article is available free at Trop Med Int Health. Tetanus toxoid Paracetamol Adrenaline Hydrocortisone Chlorpheniramine. Further, we cannot control how users will interpret the information provided on this site. Revue Suisse de Zoologie 83 2: Most traditional, and many of the more recently fashionable, first aid measures are useless and potentially dangerous.


In West Africa, response to specific, geographically appropriate, antivenom is often dramatic following carpet viper Echis ocellatus envenoming with rapid restoration of blood coagulability and resolution of spontaneous haemorrhage.

Echis ocellatusknown by the common names West Echjs carpet viper [2] [3] and ocellated carpet viper[4] is a venomous species of viper endemic to West Africa. Echis carinatus ocellatus Stemmler, Echis ocelllatus leucogaster n. If no motor vehicle or boat is available, the patient can be carried on a stretcher or hurdle, on the pillion or crossbar of a bicycle or on someone’s back.

West African Carpet Viper

Copperhead snakebite treated with crotalidae polyvalent immune fab ovine antivenom in third trimester pregnancy. Please review our privacy policy. A review of the literature.

Subsequently, daily WBCT20 did clot, the swelling subsided and the patient was discharged 6 days later after marked improvement with a 2-week follow up request. An illustrative case is that of a 17 year old Tangale Waja student who was 6 months pregnant at presentation. Incidence and mortality of snakebite in savanna Nigeria.